Shapingpro Speaks About Behaviors at DXAB 1296

Behavioral Disorders are very common nowadays. Teachers in public and private schools have complained about these behaviors. Parents are in dilemma on what to do.

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I was fortunate that I was tapped by Ms Cheche Diabordo to be the guest of their radio program in ABS-CBN’s DXAB 1296 and speak about this topic and share to the listeners about the characteristics of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and how to handle it.

Last July 27, 2014 Sunday, I was able to interact on air through Miss Macel Dasalla, radio host, to the people who have these similar problems. The show lasted for 2 hours and it was informative. Many listeners tuned in and send their questions and comments about out topic.

For those who missed it. Here are the basic information about ADHD.

  • ADHD is a developmentally inappropriate attention and/ or hyperactivity and impulsivity so pervasive and persistent as to significantly interfere with a child’s daily life.
  • A child with ADHD has difficulty controlling his or behavior in most major settings, including home and school.
  • Behaviors begin to occur relatively early in life (before age 7 years), though they sometimes go unrecognized until later.
  • More boys than girls are diagnosed with ADHD at a ratio approximately 3:1
  • It is divided into 3 general subtypes
  1. Predominantly hyperactive/impulsive-type ADHD
  • fidgets, squirms, difficulty waiting his turn, disorganized, act immaturely, poor sense of physical boundaries, destructive behaviors and conduct problems
  1. Predominantly inattentive-type ADHD
  • distracted and “spacey” or “daydreamy”, process information slowly and may have learning   disorder, anxiety or depression
  1. Combined-type ADHD
  • exhibits many of the behaviors of the first 2 subtypes
  • The presence of ADHD may be suspected if the
  • Inattentive, impulsive, or hyperactive behavior is not age-appropriate

X    If its typical, it may change as he or she matures and grows.

  • Behavior leads to chronic problems in daily functioning

X    Mild tendency to daydream or an active temperament, which may cause occasional problems for a child  but not seriously disabling, is not considered evidence of ADHD.

  • Behavior is innate to the child and not a result of inadequate care, physical injury, disease, or other environmental influence.

X    If it is environmental cause, such as stresses at home or an inappropriate classroom placement, is more likely to be the cause of the problem for the child.

  • Many likely causes have been proposed for ADHD, but no single cause has yet been identified.

Risk factors:

  1. Genetic
  2. Variations in temperament (differences in emotional reactivity, activity  level, attention, and self-regulation)
  3. Medical causes
  4. Environmental influences (including toxins such as lead, alcohol, and nutritional deficiencies)
  • One fact of which researchers are certain is that ADHD tends to run in families.
  • No treatment for ADHD is likely to completely eliminate all symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity and associated problems and conditions. Communication is the key in treating, monitoring, and following up on treatment of the child with ADHD.

 

  • Medications used in the treatment of ADHD: First Line Treatment
    • METHYLPHENIDATE: Ritalin, Methylin, Focalin (Short-Acting) 3-5 hrs

Ritalin SR, Metadate ER, Methylin ER (Intermediate Acting)   3-8 hrs

Concerta, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA  (Extended-release)   8-12 hrs

  • AMPHETAMINE: Dexedrine, Dextrostat, Adderall

 

Symptoms of ADHD

 From the Vanderbilt Assessment Scale

  1. Does not pay close attention to details or makes careless mistakes with, for example, homework

  2. Has difficulty keeping attention to what needs to be done

  3. Does not seem to listen when spoken to directly

  4. Does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties

  5. Has difficulty organizing tasks and activities

  6. Avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort (e.g., schoolwork or homework)

  7. Loses things necessary for tasks or activities (e.g., toys, school assignments, pencils, books, or tools)

  8. Is distracted by extraneous stimuli

  9. Is forgetful in daily activities

  10. Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat

  11. Leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected

  12. Runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which remaining seated is expected

  13. Has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly

  14. Is “on the go” or often acts as if “driven by a motor”

  15. Talks excessively

  16. Blurts out answers before questions have been completed

  17. Has difficulty waiting in line

  18. Interrupts or intrudes on others (eg, butts into conversations/games)

Items 1-9: Predominantly Inattentive-Type ADHD

(6 or more symptoms that occur often to very often)

Items 10-18: Predominantly Hyperactive/ Impulsive- Type ADHD

(6 or more symptoms that occur often to very often)

Items 1-18: Combined-Type ADHD

(6 or more symptoms that occur often to very often)

Note: It is not used alone to make a diagnosis of ADHD

 

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About shapingpro

Mr. Cayetano D. Polancos, Jr., PTRP, LET, MAED-SPED Mobile: 0921-7836340 Landline: 284-3291 Email: shapingpro@yahoo.com
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